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Evolution of Linux and its prospects

Posted on May 17, 2019

 

  • GNU project is a milestone in the software development

  • 78% of the companies in the world is run by open source software

  • World’s Top 500 supercomputers are powered by Linux

  • 90% of the public cloud workload runs on Linux

  • 90% of the Fortune Global 500 relies on Red Hat products and services.

  • 100% of airlines, telco, health care companies, commercial banks in the Fortune Global 500 rely on Red Hat.

“Free software is a matter of liberty and not price. To understand the concept, you should think of ‘free’ as a ‘free speech’ not as in ‘free beer’. These are the word by Richard Stallman, an American activist and the founder of free software movement and GNU project.

The GNU project is an epic development in the history of Software. Prior to the development of this project, the domain of software development is locked in the clutches of the intellectual property right of the software publisher (Proprietary Software). In this closed software ecosystem, the source code is handled as a trade secret. The software vendor specifies the terms and conditions for the use of software in the license agreement between the end user and the vendor – End User License Agreement (EULA).

The free software movement has revolutionized the software industry. The GNU project had designed a collaborative pattern for the development of software by providing them with the following freedom rights – users can freely run the software, copy and distribute it, learn it and modify it.

Open source software (OSS) is a software release where the user could use, modify and distribute it to any person and for any purpose. In 1998 Netscape Communication Corporation has released the Netscape Communicator as free software. It is the source code of this software that became the basis of Sea Monkey, Thunderbird and Mozilla Firefox.

This act by Netscape has led to the formation of Free software foundation with free software ideas benefitting commercial software industry. Later this was revamped to ‘Open Source’ by Eric Raymond and Bruce Perens with the focus of sharing and collaborating on the software source code.

In 2001, Microsoft executive has said that “open source is an intellectual property destroyer. I can’t imagine something that could be worse than this for the software business and the intellectual-property business.” Since then there is tremendous growth in the open source software and the scenario of the IT sector witnessed a shift of major software business and hi-tech companies to open source. Now the world has transformed into an open source community where it is estimated that 78% of the companies run open source software.

Linux Operating system In 1989, Andrew S. Tanenbaum professor of computer science has released MINIX a minimal Unix like operating system with the intention of teaching the students the principles of the operating system.

Later in 1991, Linux Torvaldshas releasedaUnix like operating system based on Linux Kernel. The Linux operating system has registered a presidential growth as a member of open source family. Typical Linux distribution packages include Linux Kernal, Libraries and supporting software. Leading Linux distribution include Redhat Enterprise Linux, SUSE Linux, Debian and Ubuntu.

In the beginning, Linux was based on the Intel x86 architecture suitable for personal computers and very soon Linux developed into leading OS on servers and other big systems such as mainframe computers.

It is notable that Linux is the only OS used in Top 500 supercomputers without facing any challenge. Linux also dominates the domain of embedded systems as well. Many smartphones and tablet computers run Android and other derivatives of Linux.

It’s noteworthy that with the exception of Azure all the other dominant public clouds run both compute and storage on Linux. It is valued that 90% of the public cloud is powered by Linux. Moreover, It is noted that Linux is having 99% of the Super computer market share and 62% of the embedded market share. Analytics on global usage shows that deployment of Linux increases at a very fast rate while the competitive counterpart records a steep decline.

What makes Linux so special: Looking into the significant features that give Linux a special look and value, it is found that Linux OS is known for Multi-user, Multi-tasking and Multiprogramming capabilities. It means that multipleusers can access the various system resources at the same time. It also permits the system to run multiple applications at a time as well.

Linux OS have a Hierarchical file system, a standard structure in which system files and user files are organized. Linux uses the Bash shell to execute commands of the operating system. The most significant outlook of Linux is its security, it provides user security using authentication with passwords, controls the access to specific files.

It is said to be insulated to virus attack and is compatible with most of the hardware, Linux has a great graphical interface and firewall is a part of the kernel. Portability is another major feature of Linux OS. Linux kernel and application programs support the installation of any kind of hardware. Being a member of the open source family it provides ample space for collaboration.

Red Hat Enterprise Linux with $80 billion ecosystems is the World’s leading enterprise Linux platform. In line with the Industrial Standard Benchmark RHEL is the first choice for reliability, scalability and performance.

Red Hat is known for the fastest developing server operating system in the world, it is because it is known for its superior performance and scalability whether it is a web server or application server or a database.

Few imprints of Red Hat Nationally and Internationally the world’s leading enterprise Linux, Red Hat provides solutions to many giant players and various crucial sectors that demand a high level of security and performance. Few of them includes –

Dream work animation the world famous American Animation studio utilizes the Red Hat portfolio to build a private cloud. The Solutions to the world’s second largest and India’s largest insurance provider

Life Insurance Corporation of India(LIC) is powered with Red Hat. India’s Largest banking sector

State Bank of India (SBI) is using Red Hat solutions. SBI life deploys cost-effective IT system with substantial stability with Red Hat solutions. World’s fastest stock exchange

Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE) builds the world’s fastest trading system with Red Hat solutions. New York stock exchange (NYSE) runs trade on Red Hat Linux.

The International Airlines Group powers the hybrid cloud with Red Hat.

United States Department of Defense is the Single Biggest Install base for Red Hat in the world.

Red Hat powers NASA jet propulsion labs private cloud. Wherever you go, whether it is in the space or deep water submarines or to a defence vertical or to the banking sector or to the financial trading unit or to an e-commerce platform or for some entertainment….Red Hat is there.

Why Red Hat the most pursued option of the enterprise world around the globe

Red Hat allows skill transfer for application migration, it is known for its superior performance with more uptime and more user support. Red Hat has a 34% lower Total Cost of Ownership (TCO) than windows.

Red Hat provides military grade security with more reliable, stable and agile IT platform. IT responds fast to business demands and has a greater role in strategic innovation.

More than 90% of the Fortune Global 500 rely on Red Hat products and services. 100% of airlines in the Fortune Global 500 rely on Red Hat. 100% of telcos in the Fortune Global 500 rely on Red Hat. 100% of healthcare companies in the Fortune Global 500 rely on Red Hat. 100% of commercial banks in the Fortune Global 500 rely on Red Hat, 100% of U.S executive departments rely on Red Hat, Forbes lists Red Hat as one of the world’s most innovative companies.

RHEL applications and services The various application and services available with the Red Hat include Development tools like RHEL Developer Suite, RHEL Open Shift, RHEL Linux developer toolset, RHEL container development kit.

It also provides middleware services like JBoss FUSE, JBoss A-MQ, JBoss Data Virtualization, JBoss BPM SUITE, JBoss Data Grid, JBoss Web Server Red Hat open shift.

Among the Infrastructure, the software includes Red Hat Enterprise Linux, RHEL Storage, RHEL Open stack platform, RHEL Virtualization. Red Hat also provided Ansible Software automation tool, Red Hat Satellite and Red Hat Cloud Forms.

There is a famous quote that says “Beer is proof that God loves us and wants us to be Happy” as said above though free software is not a mug of “free Beer” it gives the love of open source community to make us safe and happy.

In our next blog, we will analyze the potentials of Red Hat in powering the community to cherish the expectation of the global community and enterprise world.

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